Attraction of the leading scientists to Russian institutions of higher learning, research organizations of the governmental academies of sciences, and governmental research centers of the Russian Federation

International Education and Research Laboratory for Carbon Research in Arctic Seas

About the Laboratory

This laboratory was established as part of a scientific research project supported with a monetary grant awarded by the Government of the Russian Federation under a grant competition designed to provide governmental support to scientific research projects implemented under the supervision of the world's leading scientists at Russian institutions of higher learning (Resolution of the RF Government No.220 of April 9, 2010).

Link to the official website of the Laboratory

Grant Agreement No.:
14.Z50.31.0012

Name of the institution of higher learning:

National Research Tomsk Polytechnic University

Fields of scientific research:
Earth and related Environmental Sciences

Project goal:

To establish the International Education and Research Laboratory for Carbon Research in Arctic Seas at the Tomsk National Polytechnic Research University for the purpose of investigating the mechanisms of operation of the Arctic climatic system as affected by global warming.

Project objectives

- To identify and characterize the processes responsible for the current and future emission into the atmosphere of greenhouse gases, methane and carbon dioxide from the Siberian Arctic Shelf while specifically focusing on the Eastern-Siberian Arctic Shelf, which is the widest and shallowest shelf in the global ocean.
- To perform a quantitative assessment of the rate of atmospheric emission of the primary greenhouse gases and to determine how important these processes are for the regional and global balance of methane and carbon dioxide, as well as the Arctic carbon cycle upon the whole.
- To perform a quantitative assessment of the rate of degradation of the subaquatic permafrost and design a model of transformation of methane potential and emission of methane into the ocean water and atmosphere as applied to various climate change scenarios.

Project implementation outputs: 

On April 1 – 20, 2014, the project team conducted the sixth international marine expedition to the southeastern part of the Laptev Sea. Its purpose was to research the mechanism of release of methane into the ocean water and atmosphere due to peculiar degradation of subaquatic permafrost.
The expedition's findings, combined with the leading scientist's research outcomes (2011–2014), will be reflected in an article to be published in a "Nature"-grade magazine.
The project staff includes a large number of young people who take part in all project activities accounted for by the work plan. Young researchers constitute 39% of the total staff and the average age of the laboratory staff members is 43 years.

Leading scientist

 

Full Name: Semiletov Igor Petrovich

Link to the scientist's profile

Academic degree and title:
Doctoral degree in Geographical Sciences (Oceanography)

Job Title:

Head of the Arctic Research Laboratory at the Institute of Pacific Oceanology named after V. I. Ilyichov of the Far-Eastern Division of the Russian Academy of Sciences,

Professor at the University of Alaska Fairbanks.

Fields of scientific interests:

The leading scientist specializes in researching the carbon cycle dynamics within the Arctic "land-sea-atmosphere" system in the conditions of the current global warming and progressing degradation of permafrost.

Scientific Recognition:

The leading scientist has spearheaded the creation of a new scientific research area. This process entailed four principal stages:
1) Research of the paleovariations of greenhouse gases (methane and carbon dioxide) in the air pockets of ice cores (1983-1990);
2) Research of connections between the condition of permafrost and emission of greenhouse gases in ground ecosystems of Eastern Arctic (1991-1996);
3) Research of the processes of transformation of organic matter of permafrost within the land-shelf-atmosphere system of Eastern Arctic (1997-2003);
4) Research of the condition of ground and subaquatic permafrost and its role in the marine carbon cycle and emission of greenhouse gases in the Eastern Arctic seas (2003-2013).
The research activities performed by the leading scientist have made a significant contribution to the understanding of the role of permafrost, ground ecosystems and eastern arctic seas within the global carbon cycle, the balance of greenhouse gases, and the planet's climate. The leading scientist has overseen the organization and implementation of more than 30 expeditions to Eastern Arctic, including 17 international expeditions. The outcomes of his research works have been published in international science journals.

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