Attraction of the leading scientists to Russian institutions of higher learning, research organizations of the governmental academies of sciences, and governmental research centers of the Russian Federation

Laboratory of Extreme Universe

About the laboratry

This laboratory was established as part of a scientific research project supported with a monetary grant awarded by the Government of the Russian Federation under a grant competition designed to provide governmental support to scientific research projects implemented under the supervision of the world's leading scientists at Russian institutions of higher learning (Resolution of the RF Government No.220 of April 9, 2010).

Link to the official website

Grant Agreement No.: 11.G34.31.0076

Name of the institution of higher learning:
Federal state budget educational institution of higher professional learning "Moscow State University named after M. V. Lomonosov"

Fields of scientific research:
Astronomy and astrophysics

Project goal:
To research the Early Universe and especially the "Cosmic Dawn" era, the time when the light emitted by the first generation of stars started secondary ionization of the neutral intergalactic environment and the Universe started developing its current structure.

Key project objectives:
1. To study gamma-ray bursts at large red shifts.
2. To design methods of determining the parameters of gamma radiation being registered taking into account polarization of gamma-ray bursts of varying duration and fluence. The project is based on space experiments designed to study gamma-ray bursts in space scheduled for implementation in 2012 – 2014.

Anticipated scientific outcomes:
The project will help design models of next generation X-ray and gamma-ray sensors to be used in space experiments designed to study the Early Universe at large read shifts.

Leading scientist

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Leading scientist's full name: George Fitzgerald Smoot

Link to the scientist's profile

Academic degrees and titles:
- Professor (PhD) (1970), Massachusetts Institute of Technology,
- Professor of physics, University of California Berkley, USA.

Job title:
Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Director of the Space Research Center in Berkeley

Areas of scientific interest:
Astronomy and astrophysics

Scientific recognition:
- NASA medal for exceptional scientific achievements (May, 1991)
- Popular Science Award (November, 1992)
- D. Kilby Award (May, 1993)
- American Achievement Golden Plate Award (June, 1994)
- Lawrence Award (March, 1995)
- Albert Einstein Medal (2003), A. Einstein Society, Switzerland
- Gruber Prize with John Mather (2006)
- Nobel Prize in physics (2006) together with John Mather;
- Daniel Chalonge Medal, International School of Astrophysics (2006)
- Honorary Doctorate from L'Université de la Méditerranée (2007)

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