Attraction of the leading scientists to Russian institutions of higher learning, research organizations of the governmental academies of sciences, and governmental research centers of the Russian Federation

Laboratory of Advanced Research in Computer Technologies (ACL, Advanced Computing Lab)

About the labpratry

The "Laboratory of Advanced Research in Computer Technologies" (ACL, Advanced Computing Lab) has been established at the St. Petersburg State University of Information Technologies, Mechanics, and Optics with the view to implement the following project: "Distributed emergency computations for support of decision-making in critical situations".

Link to official website

Grant Agreement No.: 11.G34.31.0019

Host institution of higher learning:
State educational institution of higher professional education "St. Petersburg State University of Information Technologies, Mechanics, and Optics"

Scientific research area:
Information technologies and computer systems

Project goal:
To develop theoretical foundations and a technological base for urgent computations based on distributed computing environments implemented in the form of the hardware and software complex of a virtual laboratory of urgent computations.

Key project objectives:
1. To develop a concept and methodology of applying emergency computing technologies in decision-making support systems in critical situations;
2. To develop the architecture of the hardware and software complex "VLUC" and to design and detail its basic mechanisms and components;
3. To design, configure, and deploy "VLUC" components on an experimental testing bench; to test and experimentally research the system parameters;
4. To develop demonstration decision-making support systems based on the "VLUC" platform in the following areas:
- Counteracting a viral epidemic;
- Preventing floods;
- Identifying criminal and terrorist threats in social networks.

Anticipated project outputs:
The project will help develop "VLUC", a hardware and software complex and a fundamentally new early warning and decision-making support system designed to help prevent extreme and emergency situations in various human activity areas.

Leading scientist

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Leading scientist's full name: Sloot, Peter Maria Arnoldus

Link to leading scientist's profile

Academic degree and title:
PhD, professor

Job titles:
Professor at the University of Amsterdam; scientific leader of the "Laboratory of Advanced Research in Computer Technologies" (ACL, Advanced Computing Lab) at the St. Petersburg State University of Information Technologies, Mechanics, and Optics.

Field of scientific interests:
1. Supercomputer technologies and grid-computations;
2. Decision-making support systems;
3. Modeling of complex systems.

Scientific recognition:
- Author of more than 450 articles in peer review journals and monographs;
- Head of two large-scale European FP-7 projects: "UrbanFloods" and "DynaNets";
- Scientific leader of the International Conference on Computer Science (ICCS);
- Chief editor of the leading journals on supercomputer technologies: "Journal of Computational Science" and "Future Generation of Computing Systems";
- Has overseen more than 25 graduate students who have successfully defended their dissertations and theses.

Results

Key results for 2011

The project aims:

• To create the hardware and software infrastructure of the virtual laboratory of urgent computations (VLUC);
• To perform specific research in the field of support of decision-making in critical situations based on urgent computation (UC) technologies, including:

– To prevent floods and their consequences;
– To model the spread of viral epidemics within a complex network of contacts;
– To model regional spread of drug addiction based on social systems;
– To model crowd dynamics in critical situations;
– To model and analyze criminal networks.

Achievements

1. The project team has developed a competitive technology that can be used to design hardware and software support infrastructures for new-generation situation centers whose purpose is to prevent critical situations in various human activity areas.
2. The project has brought about new research areas at the St. Petersburg State University of Information Technologies, Mechanics, and Optics (eScience virtual reality technologies, supercomputer-assisted modeling of social processes).
3. The project has helped launch Russia's first international (collaborative) master's degree program of study in supercomputer technologies: "Supercomputer technologies in interdisciplinary research".
4. The research outputs have been implemented by a number of leading organizations that monitor and prevent emergency situations.
5. The project team has conducted the first international conference-school on supercomputer technologies for young Russian scientists at the University of Amsterdam.
6. The project team has put together a special issue of a leading scientific periodical, the "Journal of Computational Sciences", dedicated to the work of the Russian scientist in the field of supercomputer technologies.

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