Attraction of the leading scientists to Russian institutions of higher learning, research organizations of the governmental academies of sciences, and governmental research centers of the Russian Federation

Interdepartmental Research Laboratory of Astrophysics of Extreme Energy Output Objects

About the laboratry

The Interdepartmental Research Laboratory of Astrophysics of Extreme Energy Output Objects was established at the St. Petersburg State Polytechnic University under grant agreement No.11.G34.31.0001 executed by and between the Ministry of education and science of the Russian Federation, St. Petersburg State Polytechnic University, and leading scientist Georgiy Georgiyevich Pavlov in compliance with Resolution of the Government of the Russian Federation No.220.

Link to the official website

Objects and methods of research:
 
1. Gamma-ray bursts: the brightest events in the Universe.
•Development and construction of cosmic gamma-ray radiation sensors and orbital data processing blocks. 
•Observation of gamma-ray radiation from orbital spacecraft; monitoring as part of the international IPN network.
•Development of a database of cosmic gamma radiation events; analysis of accumulated data, classification of gamma-ray bursts and sources of repeating gamma-ray bursts.
 
2. Remnants of supernovas: sources of all chemical elements heavier than helium and accelerators of cosmic rays of super-high energies of up to 1,018 eV.
•Multi-wave observations of galactic remnants of supernovas from modern ground and orbital observatories operating within the radio – gamma range.
•Analysis of multi-wave archive data.
•Quantitative modeling of physical processes within the shells of supernova remnants, particularly, generation of magnetic fields and acceleration of super-high energy particles on collisionless impact waves. 
 
3. Compact stars: unique physical laboratories that make it possible to study certain states of matter that are not achievable on Earth, particularly, super-nuclear density and magnetic fields of up to 1,014 G.
•Multi-wave observations of neutron stars and pulsar wind nebulas from modern ground and orbital observatories operating within the radio – gamma range. 
•Quantitative modeling of the structure and evolution of neutron stars and their atmospheres. 
 

Leading scientist

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Leading scientist’s full name: Georgiy Georgiyevich Pavlov

Link to the scientist’s profile 

Primary scientific interests and fields of research

  • Observation of neutron stars, pulsar wind nebulas, and remnants of supernovas within the X-ray and optical energy ranges.
  • Modeling of neutron star atmospheres, radiation processes within neutron stars and associated objects, and interior structure of neutron stars.
  • Nuclear physics and quantum electrodynamics in strong magnetic fields, radiation transfer in highly magnetized plasma.
  • X-ray and gamma ray sensors.

 

Membership with professional associations

  • Member of the International Astronomical Union
  • Member of the American Astronomical Society

Professional achievements

  • 270 scientific publications, including 154 articles published in peer-review journals in 1972 — 2010.
  • 137 scientific publications, including 66 articles published in peer-review journals in 2000 — 2010.
  • 42 invited reports made at international conferences.
  • Organized 14 international scientific conferences.Aggregate citation index — 5202, including 2655 citations referring to articles published in 2001 — 2012 (according to the NASA Astrophysics Data System as of August 13, 2012).
  • H-index — 41 (according to the NASA Astrophysics Data System as of August 13, 2012).

Academic degrees and titles

  • Senior Researcher (conferred by the USSR Academy of Sciences in 1987).
  • Candidate of physical and mathematical sciences (conferred by the dissertation board of the Institute of Physical Engineering named after A. F. Ioffe of the Russian Academy of Sciences in 1974).
  • Physical Engineer (conferred by the Leningrad Polytechnic Institute named after M. I. Kalinin in 1967).

 

 

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